Global economic freedom up slightly—Ethiopia ranks 146 among 159 jurisdictions 

coNEWS RELEASE-For immediate release

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia—Ethiopia ranks 146  out of 159 countries and territories included in the Economic Freedom of the World: 2017 Annual Report, released today by TEAM in conjunction with Canada’s Fraser Institute.

Last year, Ethiopia  ranked 145.

Hong Kong and Singapore again top the index, continuing their streak as 1st and 2nd respectively. New Zealand, Switzerland, Ireland, the United Kingdom, Mauritius, Georgia, Australia and Estonia round out the top 10.

“Where people are free to pursue their own opportunities and make their own choices, they lead more prosperous, happier and healthier lives,” said Fred McMahon, Dr. Michael A. Walker Research Chair in Economic Freedom with the Fraser Institute.

The 2017 report was prepared by James Gwartney, Florida State University; Robert A. Lawson, Southern Methodist University; and Joshua Hall, West Virginia University.

It’s based on data from 2015 (the most recent year of available comparable data) and measures the economic freedom (levels of personal choice, ability to enter markets, security of privately owned property, rule of law, etc.) by analysing the policies and institutions of 159 countries and territories.

This year, for the first time, the ranking is adjusted for gender equality. In countries where women are not legally accorded the same level of economic freedom as men, that country receives a lower score.

“The link between economic freedom for all citizens and the prosperity they enjoy is undeniable, while the lowest-ranked countries are usually burdened by oppressive regimes that limit freedom and opportunity,” McMahon said.

The 10 lowest-ranked countries are: Iran, Chad, Myanmar, Syria, Libya, Argentina, Algeria, the Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic and Venezuela. Some despotic countries such as North Korea and Cuba can’t be ranked due to lack of data.

Other notable rankings include the United States and Canada, which tied at 11th, Germany (23), Japan (39), France (52), India (95), Russia (100), China (112) and Brazil (137).

According to research in top peer-reviewed academic journals, people living in countries with high levels of economic freedom enjoy greater prosperity, more political and civil liberties, and longer lives.

For example, countries in the top quartile of economic freedom had an average per-capita GDP of US$42,463 in 2015 compared to US$6,036 for bottom quartile nations.

Moreover, the average income in 2015 of the poorest 10 per cent in the most economically free countries (US$11,998) was almost twice the overall average per capita income in the least free countries. And life expectancy is 80.7 years in the top quartile of countries compared to 64.4 years in the bottom quartile.

The Fraser Institute produces the annual Economic Freedom of the World report in cooperation with the Economic Freedom Network, a group of independent research and educational institutes in nearly 100 nations and territories. It’s the world’s premier measurement of economic freedom, measuring and ranking countries in five areas: size of government, legal structure and security of property rights, access to sound money, freedom to trade internationally, and regulation of credit, labour and business.

See the full report at www.fraserinstitute.org/economic-freedom.

Ethiopia scores in key components of economic freedom (from 1 to 10 where a higher value indicates a higher level of economic freedom):

  • Size of government: changed to 6.05  from 6.23 in the last year’s report
  • Legal system and property rights: changed to5.23 from 5.22
  • Access to sound money: changed to 5.42 from 5.47
  • Freedom to trade internationally: changed to 4.61 from 4.49
  • Regulation of credit, labour and business: changed to 6.62 from 6.11

According to the 2017 EFW Index, the economic freedom score of Ethiopia declined by one levels as compared to its Rankings in 2016. A recent economic research also showed the increasing levels of foreign aid to Ethiopia negatively influence the adoption of market-oriented reforms and the overall economic freedom.

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About the Economic Freedom Index

Economic Freedom of the World measures the degree to which the policies and institutions of countries support economic freedom. This year’s publication ranks 159 countries and territories. The report also updates data in earlier reports in instances where data has been revised. For more information on the Economic Freedom Network, datasets, and previous Economic Freedom of the World reports, visit www.fraserinstitute.org. And you can ‘Like’ the Economic Freedom Network on Facebook at www.facebook.com/EconomicFreedomNetwork.

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TEAM is the official partner and co-publisher of the Economic Freedom Index of the World Report in Ethiopia. For more information contact us: info@teaminitiatives.org.  TEAM imagines a free, open, and prosperous society where individuals can live in a dignified life through entrepreneurship, responsibility, peace, toleration, and free trade.

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